The current 2017 population of Costa Rica is approximately 4.91 million, which is up from the 4.58 million at the 2011 census. This makes Costa Rica the 120th most populous country in the world. However, this number does not include the nearly 2.2 million visitors that Costa Rica sees per year!
A population density of 84 people per square km (107th in the world.) The capital and largest city is San Jose, which has a population of 288,000 and a high population density of 6,455 people per square km. The greater metropolitan area has 2.15 million residents, or a third of the country’s entire population. San Jose is one of the safest cities in Latin America.